Pears can adapt the best to wet-soil environments of all deciduous fruit tree species, but they thrive in deep soil that is well drained. Of all the fruit trees, pears have the most pest problems and therefore must be sprayed often in order to be kept pest-free.
Pear trees naturally grow very large and upright, so they should be trained to grow out as well.
Because most varieties of pear trees are self-sterile, they need to be cross-pollinated in order to have a good crop set.
Requirements for Soil
Pear trees have similar soil requirements regardless of their species, thriving best in soil that is slightly acidic at a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. The pH level indicates acidic or alkalinity. A pH level of 7.0 is neutral; anything above it is alkline and anything below it is acidic.
The pH of the soil for pear trees is not usually a problem for growers because the trees can survive in alkaline and acidic soil. The trees do need light soil that drains well with the ideal being sandy loams, although they can grow in heavier soil in warm climates. Heavy clay is not the best, but it can be improved by adding compost and peat moss that is moistened. If there is only poor soil, the trees should be grown on raised bed.
Pear trees need a moderate amount of fertilization.
Requirements for Water
Pear trees grow best when the soil is uniformly watered. It helps guard against fruit splitting. High quality fruit cannot be produced without proper irrigation. The salinity of the water should be lower than 900 microSiemens/centimetre (µS/cm).
Fertilization is always important when it comes to fruit trees. Because pear trees are strong feeders, they don’t necessarily need additional fertilizer to grow well. This is especially true when the soil is naturally fertile. Addition fertilizer will improve the growth of the trees and disease resistance.
Pear trees that produce less fruit than expected even though they have leafed out may need special nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. It is good to test the soil to make sure none of its nutrients have been depleted. Please visit Fertilizer Management section of the web page for more information.
Pear tree care
Winter dormant season
Spring bloom season
Summer growing season
Fall harvest season