Peach (peache: Prunus persica, nectarine: Prunus persica va. nusipersica)
Peaches are very popular fruit trees that can be grown successfully in many parts of Uzbekistan. They require adequate summer watering, deep and well-drained soils, high nitrogen fertility, fruit thinning, and pest control sprays to prevent peach leaf curl and brown rot.
Peach trees are short-lived trees (15-20 yr). Peaches (like nectarines) are self-fruitful (self-compatible), which means that they do not require a pollenizer tree.
Requirements for Soil
Peach trees prefer slightly acidic soils ranging from 6.0 soil pH to 6.5. Anything slightly under or over and the tree will still grow, but its yield and health may be adversely affected. The trees love sandy loam soil and demand good drainage. If soil drainage is poor, tilling in compost, sand or peat moss helps increase drainage capabilities. The specialists advise against adding soil conditioners into the planting hole itself.
Peach trees are extremely sensitive to poorly drained soils. In areas of poor drainage, roots will die, resulting in stunted growth and eventual death of the tree.
Most fruit trees, including peaches, grow best where the soil pH is near 6.5. Since the natural pH of most Uzbekistan soil is high this level, it is necessary to incorporate gypsum before planting to lower the pH to the desired level. Follow soil test results to determine soil pH and fertility levels.
Requirements for Water
Peach trees require the most water when they're young - their first year in the ground -- with watering once weekly or, in summer, twice weekly. University of California Master Gardener Steve Albert explains the trees produce the most significant yields when the soil is kept moist at all times. Peach trees may produce fruit during drought-like conditions if not watered, but the tree will become stressed and the fruit will lack size. To maintain soil moisture, add mulch around the tree but not touching the trunk itself.
It's important to fertilize at the right times to ensure that the growing feeder roots can absorb the nutrients. Peach trees planted while dormant from mid-winter to March should not be fertilized until August. For second season or mature trees, spread 1 cup of the fertilizer, ammonium sulfate, or calcium nitrate around the tree in June and August, but avoid letting it build up against the trunk. In early March spread 10-10-10 fertilizer over the planting area. This fertilizer contains 10 percent each of nitrogen, phosphate and potash. Follow the directions on the fertilizer package. Excessive fertilizing can result in poor-quality fruits and fewer buds for the following growing season.
Peach trees thrive in nitrogen-rich soils, and the primary nutrients they need include nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur and potassium. These nutrients are already found in soil in varying degrees, but a soil test will help determine levels, as well as which nutrients are lacking. Lesser nutrients include chlorine, iron, manganese, boron, copper, zinc and molybdenum. Please visit Fertilizer Managmeent section of the web page for more information.
Peach tree care
Winter dormant season
Dormant bloom season
Summer growing season
Fall harvest season